For beginning researchers, it is very important not only to know the basic principles characterizing the dissertation as a qualifying scientific work, but also to have at least the most general understanding of the methodology of scientific creativity, because, as modern educational practice of higher educational institutions shows, such researchers have information at first. skills of scientific work most of all there are questions of a methodological nature. First of all, they will lack experience in organizing their work, in using scientific methods of knowledge and application of logical laws and regulations. Therefore, it makes sense to consider these issues in more detail.

Scientific study as the main form of scientific work.

Any scientific research – from the creative idea to the final design of scientific work – is carried out very individually. But nevertheless it is possible to determine some general methodological approaches to its implementation, which are commonly called the study in a scientific sense.

Modern scientific and theoretical thinking seeks to penetrate into the essence of the phenomena and processes under study. This is possible provided a holistic approach to the object of study, the consideration of this object in the emergence and development, i.e. application of the historical approach to its study.

The text of a scientific work differs from any other primarily by its logic.

Therefore, whatever errors from the point of view of logic the authors of dissertation works make when describing the course of research, it is always possible to prove that any error of this kind is ultimately reduced to a violation of the requirements of a logical law.

Without knowing the laws and rules of logic and not being able to apply them, one should not even think about fruitful scientific activities. Sometimes, however, they are used intuitively, but this is far less reliable than when they do the same thing consciously, on a truly scientific basis. Knowledge of the laws of logic simplifies and facilitates the analysis of the phenomena and facts under study, gives the researcher confidence in the validity of his conclusions, and increases their persuasiveness in the eyes of opponents.

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