SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH IN DISSERTATION
The opinion is very popular that new scientific results and previously accumulated experience are in dialectical interaction. The best and the developing from the old is transformed into the new and gives it strength and efficiency. Sometimes forgotten old is reborn on a new scientific basis and lives like a second life, but in a different, more perfect way. This is worth remembering when writing a dissertation.
To study in a scientific sense is to conduct exploratory research, as if looking into the future.
Imagination, fantasy, dream, based on real achievements of science and technology, are the most important factors of scientific research. But at the same time, scientific study is a reasonable application of scientific foresight, it is a well thought out calculation.
To study in a scientific sense is to be scientifically objective. Facts cannot be cast aside just because they are difficult to explain or find practical use for them. The fact is that the essence of the new in science is not always visible to the researcher himself. New scientific facts and even discoveries due to the fact that their value is poorly disclosed may remain in the science reserve for a long time and not be used in practice.
Scientific study requires not only to faithfully portray or simply describe, but also to learn the attitude of the person being studied towards what is known either from experience or from previous study, i.e. identify and express the quality of the unknown with the help of the known in those cases in which it exists. To study in this way means to measure everything that can be measured, to show the numerical ratio of the subject to the known. It is obvious that it is possible to study something only when something is already recognized as the original, undoubted, ready in the mind.
To study scientifically is to search for a causal connection between the phenomena, facts and events under consideration.
To scientifically study is not only to look, but also to see, to notice important particulars, the big one – in the small, without deviating from the intended main line of research. With scientific research, everything is important. Concentrating attention on the main or key issues of the topic, one cannot but take into account the so-called indirect facts, which at first glance seem insignificant. It often happens that such facts hide the beginnings of important discoveries.